Free customs clearance of cars and goods during martial law in UkraineThe law on preferential imports signed by the President of Ukraine during martial law exempts entrepreneurs from paying import duties and VAT. Payers of single tax I-III of the third group at a rate of 2% of turnover can go through a simplified procedure for customs clearance of goods and cars.
A simplified method of customs control concerns the import of vehicles by citizens. The adopted law provides for the submission of a preliminary customs declaration and does not require a customs examination. There is a period of up to six months during which full reporting is required after the expiration of the grace period. Only certain categories of goods and cars are exempted from import duty taxation.
How to clear goods and which cars are not subject to customs clearance.
According to the Law (the text published in the "Voice of Ukraine" can be viewed at the link), the following are exempt from customs clearance:
From April 2022 in Ukraine, free customs clearance of cars
From April 1, 2022, for the period of martial law in Ukraine, citizens are given the opportunity to clear a car, motorcycle, minibus and even a truck for free.
However, this tax exemption does not apply to vehicles and goods.
Ukraine has decided to limit customs clearance points for cars from the EU for its own needs, as this creates difficulties with the delivery of humanitarian goods. You can clear a car from Europe for your own needs at a zero rate at three checkpoints to Ukraine.
On March 20, the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine adopted Resolution No. 330 "Some Issues of Customs Control and Customs Clearance of Goods, Including Vehicles, Under Martial Law". Citizens and entrepreneurs are given the right to choose one of two ways of their customs clearance and customs control:
An application in paper form is submitted directly at the checkpoint across the customs border or to the relevant customs office.
You can refuse to use this method by submitting an appropriate application to the State Customs Service. But then re-submission of the application in a simplified way is prohibited.
Why imported cars are equated with humanitarian aidAfter the start of the full-scale invasion of Russia from abroad, only those vehicles were imported into Ukraine that were necessary for the military, the evacuation of citizens and the delivery of various cargoes with humanitarian goods. On March 1, the Ukrainian government decided to equate the import of cars with humanitarian aid, so that this could take place under a simplified procedure. The only thing that was needed was to add the permission of the regional military administration to the declaration.
But these rules decided to weaken. Initially, the government allowed to defer the payment of customs duties to all citizens. That is, in order to import foreign vehicles into Ukraine, it was only necessary to fill out a special application and sign it. In the third decade of March, it was decided to abandon the need for customs clearance of cars during the war. However, then these innovations affected only the military.
According to the new document dated April 1, 2022, all citizens of Ukraine have the right to import the following vehicles into the country without paying excise duty, VAT and import duty:
According to Vita Miroshnichenko, Head of Customs Regulation and International Trade Practice at PwC Ukraine, the law obliges all foreign cars to be registered according to a simplified procedure. That is, all formalities must be completed in a maximum of an hour.
What do you need to import a car from abroad under a simplified procedure?Do not forget that in addition to customs clearance of a car, which will be free during martial law, Ukrainians will face other expenses and various important points:
Also, you should not expect a sharp decrease in cost even after the abolition of the need for customs clearance during martial law. The Institute for Automotive Research says that the price will drop, but not for all models. The process of decline will be gradual, without a rapid collapse.
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